The E string of the violin has its own status. It is often a different brand from the rest of the strings on a violin, and… it breaks more easily and therefore more often than any other string. It is the thinnest among the four strings and it has the most tinkling sound. The E string possesses the highest pitch among the four strings and it is the most sensitive string. It responds to the slightest changes in tension. That is why this string is the most difficult string to tune.

Most violinists always carry a spare E string with them.

What are the attributes of a high quality E Sting? Here, you will be guided on how to select the best E string that will match your violin.

General qualities that an E string should possess:

Rich sound quality that is soothing to the ears  and therefore not too shrill.

Quick and easy response – this means that the string responds quickly and sounds instantly when the friction from of the bow hair is applied.

Balance and blending of warmth and brilliance.

The string must not be prone to whistling. Some E strings are beautiful but prone to whistling on some violins and not on others. Particularly gold-plated E strings can whistle on some violins, often when playing the open E string.

Resistance to corrosion. The rosin of the bow can stick on the surface of the string, which attracts moisture. When the string has moisture, rust may set in and damage the string and then suddenly causes breakage. Therefore, it is best if it has a good corrosion resistance.

There are wound E strings, plain steel E strings and gold-plated E strings. For example, Thomastik produces an aluminium-wound E string with a perlon core, in addition to plain E strings. Pirastro produces a chrome-wound E string, a plain steel E string and a gold-plated E string. Perlon-wound E strings have often a rather short life span as the winding unravels, often around the nut or the bridge even when the grooves in both bridge and nut are properly crafted.